2002 - Leiden
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The 4th International Conference on the Biology of Butterflies was held from 23-27 March 2002 near Leiden in The Netherlands. Plenary talks were given by Carol Boggs, Doekele Stavenga, Sean Carroll, Fred Nijhout, Jeremy Thomas, John Thompson, Chris Thomas, Jim Mallet, Andy Brower and Carla Penz. Topics covered included reproductive strategies, vision, development, genetics of mimicry, social parasitism, coevolution, cliate change, origins of diversity, molecular systematics and phylogenetics. Two parallel sessions were needed to accommodate another 55 talks which together with many posters emphasized the excitement and sheer diversity of work on butterfly biology. An evening talk by Bob Pyle was copiously illustrated with slides on the monarch. The meeting was also coupled with the final symposium on March 28th of the European Network FRAGLAND on metapopulation biology co-ordinated by Illka Hanski. A total of 184 delegates registered for the meeting, and a good time was enjoyed by one and all!